Why Does My Teen Have Trouble Sleeping?

Research shows that teens need at least 8.5 hours of sleep a night, which most teens do not reach nightly. During adolescence, the body’s circadian rhythm (like an internal biological clock) is reset, telling teenagers to fall asleep later at night and wake up later in the morning. This change in the circadian rhythm happens because a teen’s brain makes the hormone melatonin later at night than the brains of kids and adults do. However, your teen may also be suffering from insomnia, which is most commonly caused by stress. While everyone has trouble falling asleep from time to time, if your teen regularly cannot fall asleep and stay asleep, they may have chronic insomnia.

Common causes of chronic insomnia could be other medical conditions, mental-health problems, side effects of medicines, or even substance abuse. If you think your teen may be suffering from chronic insomnia, you can get help from a doctor, counselor, or therapist. However, before seeking professional help, you could attempt reducing the stress your teen feels and make sure they have a comfortable sleeping environment, as these are the usual causes of insomnia.

Why Does My Teen Get Acne?

Acne is a problem that many Americans face, approximately 17 million people in the U.S. have acne, so your teen is not the only one. So, why do all these people have acne and where does it come from? Contrary to popular belief, acne is not caused by having dirty skin. Acne is caused by an inflammation of pores due to overactive oil glands and a build-up of oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. People between the ages of 12 and 24 are more likely to get acne because oil glands become stimulated when hormones become active during puberty. However, having acne can also be genetic, so if people in your family have acne, your teen may be more prone to having acne too.

Even though it is hard to fight genetics, there are ways to help reduce the amount of acne your teen may get!

•Make sure your teen washes their face. Washing your face is extremely important because it helps remove excess oils and dead skin that can clog pores and cause pimples. But be careful, washing the face too much can be harmful by overdrying and irritating existing acne.
•If your teen works out or tends to get pretty sweaty, have them wash their face as soon after sweating as possible, because sweat can clog pores and make acne a lot worse.
•Speaking of clogging pores, it is important to use lotions and makeup that are noncomedogenic or nonacnegenic, which means that the product won’t clog your pores.